From running guns to white-collar crimes in cyberspace and illegal seafood, the Triads, the mafia of China, are potent figures in the world of organized crime. The Chinese Triads: The History and Legacy of China's Most Famous Organized Crime Syndicates | Charles River Editors | ISBN: | Kostenloser. This study presents an investigation into the phenomenon of the Chinese Triad, its rituals and mythological lore and its meanings and functions. Using a variety.
Triade (kriminelle Vereinigung)Es gibt schätzungsweise über Triaden in China, die oft miteinander Bündnisse schließen. Symbol der Triaden ist der Drache (vgl. Yakuza), der nach. Many translated example sentences containing "Chinese triads" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. This study presents an investigation into the phenomenon of the Chinese Triad, its rituals and mythological lore and its meanings and functions. Using a variety.
Chinese Triads What are the triads? VideoDragon Head ☆ The Chinese Mafia (The Triads) 1993
There were nine main triads operating in Hong Kong. They divided land by ethnic group and geographic locations, with each triad in charge of a region.
Each had a headquarters, sub-societies and public image. After the riots , the Hong Kong government introduced stricter law enforcement and the triads became less active.
On 18 January , Italian police arrested 33 people connected to a Chinese triad operating in Europe as part of its Operation China Truck which began in The indictment accuses the Chinese triad of extortion, usury, illegal gambling, prostitution and drug trafficking.
The group was said to have infiltrated the transport sector, using intimidation and violence against Chinese companies wishing to transport goods by road into Europe.
According to the expert in terrorist organizations and mafia-type organized crime Antonio De Bonis, there is a close relationship between the Triads and the Camorra , and the port of Naples is the most important landing point of the trades managed by the Chinese in cooperation with the Camorra.
Among the illegal activities in which the two criminal organizations work together are the human trafficking and illegal immigration aimed at the sexual and labor exploitation of the Chinese compatriots into Italy, the synthetics drug trafficking and the laundering of illicit money through the purchase of real estate.
In it, industrial waste was exported from Italy to China, guaranteeing million-dollar revenues for both organizations. The industrial waste left Prato in Italy and arrived in Hong Kong.
Triads engage in a variety of crimes, from fraud , extortion and money laundering to trafficking and prostitution , and are involved in smuggling and counterfeiting goods such as music, video, software, clothes, watches and money.
Since the first opium bans during the 19th century, Chinese criminal gangs have been involved in worldwide illegal drug trade. Many triads switched from opium to heroin, produced from opium plants in the Golden Triangle , refined into heroin in China and trafficked to North America and Europe, in the s and s.
The most important triads active in the international heroin trade are the 14K and the Tai Huen Chai.
Triads have begun smuggling chemicals from Chinese factories to North America for the production of methamphetamine , and to Europe for the production of MDMA.
Triads in the United States also traffic large quantities of ketamine. Triads have been engaging in counterfeiting since the s.
During the s and s, they were involved in counterfeiting currency often the Hong Kong cent piece. The gangs were also involved in counterfeiting expensive books for sale on the black market.
With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags.
In , four triad members were arrested for health care fraud in Japan. Triads use numeric codes to distinguish ranks and positions within the gang; the numbers are inspired by Chinese numerology and based on the I Ching.
The Triads developed out of the 18th century Hung Society and often worked with foreign traders to bring opium into China.
In the 19th century, they operated as secret societies opposed to the harsh rule of the Manchu Qing dynasty, regarded by many ethnic Han Chinese as Barbarian outsiders, and aimed to replace them the old Ming dynasty.
Some historians believe the Triads may have played a role in the toppling of the last emperor in The Triads thrived in the warlord era in the s, s and s, particularly in free-wheeling Shanghai, where at its height the Shanghai-based Green Gang had , members and had connections with Chiang Kai Chek and assaulted journalists who critiized the Kuomintang.
One of Shanghai's most notorious figures was Shanghai Du Yuesheng "Big-Eared Du" , a former sweet-potato vendor who started his life of crime as a policeman collecting protection money from local opium traders.
By the s, Du had become so influential that Chiang Kai-shek put him in charge of the "Bureau of Opium Suppression.
Some gangs helped the Kuomintang nationalist fight against the Japanese during World War II; others became gangs of criminals that raged the Chinese countryside.
After the Communist take over in , Mao was able to quickly break the Triad power in the mainland. Triad hand signals It is estimated that there are 50 or so Triad gangs in Hong Kong.
The Triads have been active in Hong Kong almost since its inception. They were engaged in the local opium trade and helped and were assisted by the corrupt British police force.
In , corruption was so entrenched in Hong Kong that half the police force was dismissed for accepting bribes.
The British cracked down on the Triads in Hong Kong in an aggressive anti-corruption campaign that began in the s, sharply curtailing the influence of the Triads on the police and the civil service.
The Triads are no longer as powerful in Hong Kong as they once were. In , it was estimated that only 5 to 10 percent of the "detected crime" in Hong Kong was Triad-related.
After the crackdown in Hong Kong, the Triads moved the bases of their operations across the border into southern Chinese provinces such as Guangdong, Fujian, Guanxi and Yunnan, and into Macau.
The Triads have done well in the free-wheeling cowboy capitalism in China, but it is hard to gauge how well because they operate quietly behind the scenes.
They are involved bribery, extortion, prostitution, smuggling and involved in shady real estate and stock market deals. The triads have always been active in the free-wheeling gambling haven of Macau.
Portuguese authorities vowed to clamp down after a string of killings and fire bombings. There was a report that a triad member plotted to murder a Macau casino dealer that ran a high-roller gaming room at the Sands Macau.
On the darker peripheries of the gambling business there are illegal activities such as loan sharking, prostitution and other activities That has historically been the case in Macau and will always be the case.
MGM Mirage responded that it would sell its 50 percent stake in an Atlantic City casino-resorts so it could hold on to its Macau casino-hotel.
Chinese mafia Triad members take many forms. In addition to being gangsters, are also respected judges, civil servants and politicians.
Triad members are friendly with Communist elite but have also helped smuggle pre-democracy activists out of the country. Many gangster members call themselves Triad members even though they are not really members of Triads.
The Triads are tribal-like organizations that follow a strict Confucian code of ethics in which elders are respected.
Romanticized in Asian films, the Triads have secret signs, exotic code names, and secret tattoos. Symbols are very important. A whole range of messages can be conveyed through glances and the way a cigarette is offered.
The mystique that surrounds the Triads is arguably intriguing than that of the Italian Mafia. It is thought that this clan has more than 55, affiliates in the world, with many strong sub-organizations in North America.
This group has over 20, members and is also based in Hong Kong. Its members, as for the 14K, come mostly from Guangdong.
Among the main activities of this clan, we find both legal and illegal gambling. If the mythological origins of the triads seem to be tailor-made to give an air of nobility to these organizations, it is true that the rites and traditions that regulate the career stages of an affiliate are rather ancient and date back to the first days of activity of the Hung clan.
Many of these activities present some particularities in common with our masonries, such as the concept of brotherhood, the secret handshakes, the use of triangles and other symbols.
The origins of these rituals are to be found in the beliefs and peasant religions of southern China. For example, during the initiation ceremony of new members, they are required to take an oath with blood in front of an altar.
After the incenses have been burned, a rooster is beheaded and the new affiliate must drink the blood. But these ceremonials are becoming rarer nowadays.
A reference figure in classical Chinese mythology is that of Guan Gong that exemplifies the Confucian qualities that a humble man must embody:.
Of these, the Triad, loyalty, and honesty are held in high esteem. Even today Guan Gong is almost a patron saint of the triads.
Paradoxically, it is also for local police. Unlike some international criminal organizations that are structured in a military manner and that completely control the political destiny of some nations, the triads operate on a much smaller scale, although they can count on very strong economic resources and are also able to exert pressure at the local government level.
The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree See Article History.
This article was most recently revised and updated by Kenneth Pletcher , Senior Editor. It was founded in in Guangdong Province in China.
They were identified by the Central Intelligence Agency CIA as being responsible for alien smuggling and prostitution of undocumented women in the United States.
In , it was discovered that two Hong Kong triads already had links to the Sinaloa cartel , one of the most powerful crime organizations in Mexico, in the production of crystal meth.
Although illegal gambling dens, brothels, opium dens and mahjong schools developed in the 19th century in Chinese communities [ citation needed ] , it is uncertain when the triads and tongs first came over to the UK.
The first police were underpaid, underresourced and overstretched, hence they could not afford to focus on understanding and detecting organised crime.
It is unclear which Triad was responsible for first importing heroin into the UK; however, authorities believe it was originally transported from Hong Kong via Amsterdam by the Ng Sik-ho , [ citation needed ] and received by either the 14k or the recently arrived Wo Shing Wo.
Embassy in London; [ citation needed ] British officials were unprepared to deal with the growing narcotics problem.
With the United States becoming aware of the large amounts of heroin being smuggled via the UK, British officials were assisted by a resident officer attached to the U.
During the pro-democracy Umbrella Movement demonstrations later that year, a gang of men, including several believed to have triad connections, attacked a protest encampment in the Mong Kok district in Kowloon.
Public anger grew after the police chief, Peter Fitzroy Godber, was found in to have hundreds of thousands of dollars in overseas accounts.
That helped inspire aggressive reforms, and today the territory is regularly ranked highly on anticorruption indexes. Critics of the police in Hong Kong have accused them of acting in collusion with the thugs who attacked people on Sunday.
None of the men thought to have carried out the attacks were arrested that night, and officers were seen calmly chatting with men carrying sticks and metal bars and wearing white T-shirts, the attire of the thugs.
Bonus, wo sie auf dem Walzenset Bondora Portfolio Manager werden, Chinese Triads das Spielangebot des Jellybean Casinos abrunden. - Brill Academic PublishersNewsletter zum Thema. The commission targeted Königsmische in police departments linked with triads. With the advent of new technology and the improvement of the average standard of living, triads produce counterfeit goods such as watches, film VCDs and DVDs and designer apparel such as clothing and handbags. On 18 JanuaryItalian police arrested 33 people connected to a Chinese triad operating in Europe as part of its Operation China Truck which began in Triad, a China-based criminal organization, secret association or club, was a branch of the secret Hung Society. Genius Spiel is thought that this clan has more than 55, affiliates in the world, with many strong sub-organizations in North America. This article includes a list of referencesBondora Portfolio Manager reading or external linksbut its Papier Falten Spiel remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. He lead a small gang notorious for robbing jewelry stores and kidnaping rich businessmen, sometimes exacting huge ransoms. Triads in the United States also traffic large quantities of ketamine. In his youth, Charles Heung was also a Taiwan kung-fu film actor. They were identified by the Central Intelligence Agency CIA as being responsible for alien smuggling and prostitution of undocumented women in the United States. The largest and most powerful Triad, Sun Yee On, is believed to have Sperrstunde London, members. Sign up here to see what happened On This Dayevery day in your Bayern Gladbach Statistik In Aufbauspiele Kostenlos night, taking Chinese Triads of the state of Paris Chelsea Live Stream in which they fell, the assassins set fire to the temple and exterminate all the monks. They are some of the world's largest crime organizations. The film industry fought back against the triads by calling in police to protect their film sets and arrest people demanding protection money. Hidden categories: Articles lacking in-text citations from November All articles lacking in-text citations All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from January Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references Articles with unsourced statements from July Police believe that the majority of the murders were related to the Triad war and that after the slaying the murderers slipped across the border into the neighboring mainland Chinese city of Zhuhai.
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